Overview

CatalogPluginApi

The CatalogPluginApi exists to develop catalog plugins. Those plugins are used when one desires to use Kill Bill for the subscription engine (along with the invoicing and payment logic) but where the catalog implementation exists entirely outside of Kill Bill. In this scenario, one can develop a catalog plugin that entirely bypasses the Kill Bill catalog subsystem.

This plugin api works quite differently than other plugin apis (payment plugin api, invoice plugin api, …​) because it is not there to extend the system or to provide a way for plugins to hook into the system to add specific logic, but instead it is used to replace almost the entire catalog subsystem.

Before we explore the api in more detail, let’s revisit how the catalog subsystem has been implemented inside Kill Bill: Every time the system needs to retrieve the catalog (associated to a given tenant), it invokes the getCatalog api defined in the CatalogUserApi interface. This api will return a Catalog object, that itself provides apis to access catalog information. The Catalog object will contain both the data associated to a given catalog (e.g list of existing Product) and also a little bit of catalog logic (independent of the data) which is for instance used for validation purpose or for extracting the correct catalog version given a date,…​ The data associated to a given per-tenant catalog is normally specified using a set of xml files (one for each version), and the generic logic (code) is hard coded inside the Kill Bill catalog module.

The goal of the CatalogPluginApi is to allow feeding catalog data through the plugin without forcing the plugin to have to reimplement any type of catalog logic (and therefore reuse the existing catalog logic existing inside Kill Bill). Therefore the CatalogPluginApi will very much look like the CatalogApi, to allow plugins to return different versions of catalogs, each of them containing the definition of the basic `Product`s, `Plan`s, …​, but the api will be limited to whatever data needs to be returned.

The CatalogPluginApi contains one api getVersionedPluginCatalog to return a VersionedPluginCatalog. The VersionedPluginCatalog itself will contain apis to return the list of StandalonePluginCatalog (for each version), …​

In summary, a catalog plugin will serve two functions:

  1. It will allow interaction with an existing catalog service to access the catalog information

  2. It will create a mapping function between the third party/legacy catalog service abstractions and the Kill Bill catalog abstractions.

The Kill Bill catalog module will invoke any catalog plugin that has been registered with no particular order and it will stop if any of those plugins return a result for the associated tenant. If no plugins were registered or if none of these plugins returned anything for the given tenant, the per-tenant catalog config will first be retrived and then finally the default system wide catalog will be retrieved (if it exists).

Plugin Activation

Each time Kill Bill is asked to return the catalog (either global or per-tenant catalog entry), it will scan the list of registered catalog plugins and if any are found it will invoke them in no specific order to try to get a catalog for that specific tenant. The iteration will stop when the first plugin in the list returns a catalog for that tenant or when none of the plugins have been configured to own the catalog for that specific tenant, in which case this will default to returning the per-tenant catalog configured inside Kill Bill or the default cross tenant catalog.

Performance

Kill Bill catalog module relies on caching to improve performance and avoid having to deserialize xml representation each time a call occurs. When a plugin is registered and returns a catalog, the caching does not happen at the Kill Bill level because only the plugin knows about the catalog data (and whether it has recently changed for instance). Therefore, the plugin/3rd party catalog service is in charge to implement the required caching strategy necessary for obtaining good performance.

Use Cases

The main use case, is the one where there is already a catalog service used outside of Kill Bill. The goal of the plugin is to interract with that existing service and map the results into a format compatible with the Kill Bill abstraction by implementing the CatalogPluginApi. Of course, if the models are very different this can be a challenging (or impossible) task to achieve.

We have implemented a catalog plugin example which relies on an existing catalog xml and returns it through the CatalogPluginApi to illustrate what needs to happen in the plugin.